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Understanding coronavirus and Parkinson's

COVID-19 and Parkinson’s

This page was updated on 28 July 2021 at 3.11pm. This advice will be updated as new information becomes available.

As always, the priority of Parkinson’s NSW is supporting people living with Parkinson’s, their families and caregivers amid these challenging times.

This page is intended to be a one-stop reference point giving you access to the facts and information that is relevant to you. Please bookmark this page as we will be updating the information regularly.

The Parkinson’s NSW specialist care team is here to support you by calling 1800 644 189 or emailing

Our InfoLine and information and support services are still here with support for you.

We will continue to update our website as new information becomes available.

NSW COVID-19 lockdown extended for four weeks with changed conditions

The current stay-at-home orders affecting Greater Sydney, the Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Wollongong and Shellharbour have been extended for four weeks, until 12:01am on Saturday, August 28.

The conditions of the lockdown have also been overhauled after 177 new infections were announced today  (28 July) – a record in the current outbreak. Premier Gladys Berejiklian blamed low vaccination rates for the high number of new infections.

Changes to the lockdown conditions include:

  • A 10km restriction on shopping
  • A pathway for Year 12 students to return to classrooms from August 16
  • Construction re-opening in some settings
  • A support bubble for single people living alone
  • A new financial support package for businesses and individuals

From midnight tonight people can only shop for essential goods within their Local Government Area (LGA) or 10km from their home. The only exception to this if the item is not available locally.

Click-and-collect and home delivery remain permitted shopping options.

Restrictions around exercising (within your LGA or 10km) remain in place.

‘Singles Bubble’ introduced

A ‘Singles Bubble’ means anyone living alone can nominate one person to visit them in their home.

Anyone wanting to visit from a bubble who lives in Fairfield, Canterbury-Bankstown, Liverpool, Blacktown and Cumberland, Parramatta, Campbelltown and Georges River must ensure their visitor is also from within that area and within a 10km distance. Anyone outside those suburbs cannot involve anyone from them in their bubble.

It also has to be the same person visiting each time. You cannot have a different visitor on each occasion.

Restrictions on construction eased in some areas

The existing restrictions on construction in Greater Sydney and its surrounds will be modified as of 12:01am on Saturday, 31 August.

Construction will still be banned in Fairfield, Canterbury-Bankstown, Liverpool, Parramatta, Georges River, Cumberland, Campbelltown and Blacktown. Construction workers from those areas will also not be allowed to leave their LGAs for work.

However, outside of these areas, construction in non-occupied settings will be permitted – but the number of workers on site will be capped at one per 4 square metres. (A non-occupied setting means construction sites where there are no residents).

Tradespeople and cleaners will be able to work on occupied construction sites as long as they don’t have contact with residents. However, in smaller settings no more than two workers will be permitted inside and five outside.

Back to face-to-face learning for Year 12 students

Year 12 students will return to face-to-face learning on August 16 under strict COVID-19 protocols.

A Pfizer vaccination program will be launched for Year 12 students in the eight LGAs of concern. NSW Health is also working to introduce rapid antigen testing for Year 12 students to mitigate against outbreaks.

All other students in Greater Sydney, the Blue Mountains, Wollongong, Central Coast and Shellharbour will continue remote learning for the next four weeks.

More financial support available

The NSW government announced an expansion of the joint Federal-State Jobsaver program which provides weekly payments for businesses suffering a downturn of 30 per cent or more.

The threshold for eligible businesses will lift from $50 million to $250 million. The maximum weekly payment to a business will increase from $10,000 to $100,000.

Meanwhile, the Australian Government has announced that people locked down in Sydney will receive an additional $150 a week if they have lost more than 20 hours of work, or an extra $75 if they have lost fewer than 20 hours. It brings the COVID-19 disaster payments to $750 a week for people who have lost most of their work, and $450 for those who have lost some of it.

People already receiving welfare payments such as youth allowance or a carers payment will also be able to claim COVID-19 disaster payments for the first time. They will get $200 a week if they have lost more than eight hours of work, on top of their existing benefits.

Stay at home rules

Stay at home rules apply to people who live in, usually work in, or usually attend a university or other tertiary education facility in Greater Sydney including the Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Wollongong and Shellharbour local government areas.

The stay at home rules also apply to anyone who visited Greater Sydney including the Blue Mountains, Central Coast, Wollongong and Shellharbour local government areas on or after Monday 21 June 2021.

You must not enter these areas unless you have a reasonable excuse.

If you do visit these areas while the stay at home rules are in place, you must

  • follow the stay at home rules when you return home for 14 days after you were in the area
  • stay home unless you have a reasonable excuse.

For Greater Sydney click here

For regional NSW click here 

For more information, visit the NSW Government COVID-19 Restrictions Updates web page.

COVID-19 vaccine

Latest Information on COVID-19 Vaccines

New Novovax COVID-19 vaccine ordered for Australia

The Australian government has agreed to purchase 51 million doses of the Novavax vaccine – up from its original planned order of 40 million doses.

The new vaccine is likely to be available to the public later in 2021. It is officially called NVX-CoV2373.

The Novavax COVID-19 two-dose vaccine has been found to have more than 90 per cent efficacy in clinical trials conducted in both the U.S. and U.K.

Unlike Pfizer and Moderna, Novavax does not use mRNA – a piece of genetic code for which the body creates an immune response.

Novavax uses a traditional vaccine approach of using purified pieces of the coronavirus to spur an immune response in the body.

The body can then make antibodies to the spike proteins that cover the coronavirus.

Are COVID-19 vaccines safe?

Yes. The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) rigorously assesses all COVID-19 vaccines for safety, quality and effectiveness.

While it may appear that vaccines have been developed very quickly, actually researchers have been working on them since the very earliest stages of the pandemic. They have been able to speed up development of vaccines through collaboration between them, scientists, manufacturers and distributors.

Once approved by the TGA there are further safeguards in place – each batch of vaccine is checked to make sure it meets quality standards.

Does the AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine cause blood clots?

Australia’s medical experts in the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI) have reviewed the data available on the incidence of rare blood clots after COVID-19 vaccination.

There has been a link established between the AstraZeneca vaccine and a very rare but serious side effect called thrombosis in combination with thrombocytopenia.

There is a very low chance of this side effect, which may occur in around 4-6 people in every million after being vaccinated with AstraZeneca.

This rate is lower than the natural background occurrence of a blood clot in people who have not received the AstraZeneca vaccine

As a result, ATAGI has recommended that the Pfizer vaccine is preferred for people under the age of 50.

If you are under the age of 50, you should discuss with your doctor whether you can receive the AstraZeneca vaccine. Your doctor will weigh the potential risks against the benefits they expect the vaccine may have for you.

Learn more about the Astra Zeneca vaccine and thrombosis in combination with thrombocytopenia.

Who will receive the vaccines first and how is this decided?

The Australian Government, informed by ATAGI and other medical expert groups, has published detailed information outlining priority populations on the basis of a number of factors –   including where COVID-19 infections are occurring, the risk of infection and severe disease, and the characteristics of the available vaccines.

The quickest way to check your eligibility is to use the Australian Department of Health Vaccine Eligibility Checker

Where can I access the vaccine and is it free?

COVID-19 vaccines are free for everyone in Australia under the Australian COVID-19 Vaccination Policy.

Some people will be able to access the vaccine through their workplace (e.g. healthcare workers, residential aged care facility workers). Others will be able to access the vaccine through their General Practitioner, GP respiratory clinics, Aboriginal Controlled Community Health Services, and state-run vaccination clinics.

To find out if you are eligible to be vaccinated, check the COVID-19 Vaccine Eligibility Tracker. If you are eligible to be vaccinated now, you will be able to view vaccination clinics and book an appointment.

If you are not yet eligible, you can register your interest so you will be notified when you are able to book.

Stay informed by reading these regularly updated Covid-19 vaccine frequently asked questions

Click here to access the COVID-19 vaccine and Parkinson’s information 


What you need to know

 QR Codes

 Venues and businesses are required to record the details of people who visit or shop at that location. This enables contact tracing if a COVID-19 case is associated with that location.

Posters displaying Quick Response (QR) Codes are being used for this purpose (although many locations also provide the option of written registration).

QR Codes may seem intimidating at first, they are simply a version of the barcodes you see every day on consumer goods at your supermarket.

QR codes but they are a fast and accurate way for you to register at places you visit for COVID safety purposes.

This is what a QR code looks like – follow step 1 below to practice using your smartphone. You will be directed to the homepage of the Parkinson’s NSW website.

1.  When you arrive at a venue, open the camera application on your smartphone and point it at the QR code on the poster. There is no need to take a photograph, just point the camera.

This will automatically open a window on your phone screen which will enable you to input your contact information for contact tracing purposes.

2.  If you have the Service NSW application installed, you will automatically be taken to the check in.

If you don’t have the Service NSW application installed, you will be offered two options:

3.  A staff member at the venue may ask to check the successful sign-in on your phone.


COVID-19 testing clinics near you

When should I see my doctor?

The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 can have a range of symptoms (from no symptoms at all to pneumonia).

Symptoms of COVID-19 include:

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, use the healthdirect Symptom Checker to find out what to do next.

Help slow the spread of COVID-19

It is important to:

Smartphone applications available for Coronavirus information and protection

The Australian Government Department of Health has released two smartphone applications (apps) to help citizens and the Government cope with the pandemic.

How is it spread?

The virus is most likely spread person-to-person through:

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms include fever, coughing, sore throat, fatigue, and shortness of breath.

If you have serious symptoms such as difficulty breathing, call 000 for urgent medical help.

How can we prevent the spread?

How to wash your hands properly

What is social distancing?

The more space between you and others, the harder it is for the virus to spread.

Steps for social distancing in all homes include:

Read the full social distancing guidance from the Department of Health here

Older Australians

For most people, coronavirus is a mild disease with a quick recovery. But for older Australians, it can be more serious.

Together, we can help stop the spread and stay healthy.

What does isolation in your home mean?

If you have been diagnosed with COVID-19, you must stay home to prevent it spreading to other people

What if I develop symptoms?

If you develop symptoms (fever, a cough, sore throat, tiredness or shortness of breath) within 14 days of arriving in Australia, or within 14 days of last contact of a confirmed case, you should arrange to see your doctor for urgent assessment.

It is imperative that you:

Who is at most risk?

What more can I do?

More information

For the latest advice, information and resources:

Parkinson’s specific COVID-19 information 

Emotional and mental well-being 


Lighter information on coping during self-isolation